Mujeres trabajadoras en Japón: perspectivas institucionales, demográficas y jurídicas de la desigualdad laboral

Fernando Villaseñor Rodríguez

Resumen


Este artículo se propone revisar la situación laboral de la mujer en Japón a partir de cuatro componentes: los antecedentes —a partir de la construcción de la familia tradicional y el papel de la mujer en ésta—, el diseño institucional —conforme con el Estado de bienestar residual denominado “familismo”—, la coyuntura demográfica —implicando una baja tasa de natalidad y segregación laboral— y el marco jurídico —compuesto por normas ineficaces e incoercibles—. Después de la revisión propuesta, se argumentará que los cambios en legislación y políticas públicas para alcanzar la igualdad laboral en Japón son y seguirán siendo insuficientes si no toman en cuenta los cuatro componentes en su conjunto. Finalmente, se esbozarán algunas perspectivas de solución y posibles escenarios para el futuro próximo.

Palabras clave


Japón; trabajo; equidad de género; estado de bienestar social; derecho.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24201/reg.v6i0.405

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Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios de Género de El Colegio de México, Volumen 5, (2019).  Ésta es una revista de publicación continua electrónica de difusión gratuita editada por El Colegio de México, Carretera Picacho Ajusto 20, Ampliación Fuentes del Pedregal, Tlalpan. C.P. 14110, Ciudad de México. Contacto: estudiosdegenero@colmex.mx. Editor responsable: Ana María Tepichin. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo 04-2015-020309454400-203, de fecha 3 de febrero de 2015, ISSN 2395-9185, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Departamento encargado de la última modificación: Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género. Responsable de la última actualización: Sonia Angélica García Gómez. Fecha de la última modificación: 17 de febrero de 2020. La revista no asume la responsabilidad por las opiniones expresadas en los textos firmados, que son responsabilidad, única y exclusiva, de los y las autoras.
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